Like it or not Ruby plays a big part in most iOS and Mac developers life. Tools we depend upon like CocoaPods, Fastlane, and XCPretty are written in this language. With Swift going open source and getting more mature we can expect this situation to change, but is not going to be any time soon.
While being incredibly versatile, easy to pick up, and optimized for developers' happiness, Ruby has some pitfalls when it comes to managing versions and gems, Ruby's name for libraries.
In the previous post we saw how to depart from the default system Ruby and take control and manage the Ruby versions on our machine.
Today we are going to see how to guarantee that everyone that is working on our projects can get a hold of all the Ruby tools needed, and make sure they are at the same version.
The way I usually introduce Bundler to iOS developers is "like CocoaPods, but for Ruby". This is correct but a bit unfair, as it is actually CocoaPods which took inspiratino by Bundler, not vice versa.
Bundler lets you specify your dependencies into a
Gemfile, it installs or
update them for you, and finally makes sure that the executables your are
calling are actually the ones specified for the project.
Setting up Bundler for iOS projects
Let's say you have an iOS app project, and that you have integrated some third party libraries using CocoaPods, and written a couple of Fastlane tasks to automate the beta distribution.
Your boss lets you know that a new dev will jump on board to help you tomorrow. "At last!" you think, "Finally someone to help...". You want the setup of your new team member to be as smooth as possible, and you also don't want to waist time going through every Ruby tool they need. You also realise that you've been using version 1.0.0.beta.3 of CocoaPods, you like leaving on the edge, and want to make sure they'll use it as well. It's time to setup Bundler!
Bundler is a Ruby tool itself, so you can install it like this:
gem install bundler
Once installed you can setup your project to use Bundler with this command from the root of your project:
Note how the executable is called
bundle while the tool is call Bundler. If
you think about it it does make sense, as you us a bundler to bundle things,
but we can all agree that it is a confusing name choice.
This will generate a template
Gemfile. Like a
actually a Ruby file in which you can use a special DSL
to specify which dependencies you are using, and their version.
This is how a
Gemfile for an iOS project might look like:
source "https://rubygems.org" gem 'cocoapods', '1.0.0.beta.3' gem 'fastlane', '~> 1.57.0'
The string after the gem names informs Bundler on the version requirement. In our case CocoaPods should be exactly at version 1.0.0.beta.3, while Fastlane latest version that is greater or equal than 1.57.0, but less that 1.58.0.
Fun fact: Bundler and CocoaPods share the same dependency resolution library, molinillo.
To install your dependencies simply run:
Installing the right version of a given tool is only the start, actually using the tool is what matters.
I can sometimes happen to be working on different projects at the same time which are using different versions of a tool. Sometimes is not wise to always use the latest version on all the projects, for example and older project might be structured in an incompatible way.
Rather than going down the rabbit hole of updating or downgrading everything,
you can rely on Bundler to make sure you are actually using your tools in the
version specified in the
Gemfile. This can be done by calling them through
bundle exec, for example:
bundle exec pod install
That's quite verbose, so I'd recommend to use an alias
for that. Mine is
be, I actually have two special aliases for CocoaPods and
Congratulations, by following the tips in this post and the previous one you made your system and projects 100% Ruby safe, so that you don't have to worry about it any longer and focus on actually develop your apps.
I would like to remark that these small tweaks to your workflow will save you time on every version update of any of your dependencies, which is like once a day if you're using Fastlane, and make sure all the team is on the same page. This little 5 minutes investement will pay off very quickly.
I hope you found these posts useful. Feel free to get in touch on Twitter @mokagio if you have questions, suggestions, or need help with your Rubies. You can also leave a comment below, and signup to the newsletter to avoid missing out on any new article.
Leave the codebase better than you found it.